Are you curious to know what is trisomy 7? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about trisomy 7 in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is trisomy 7?
What Is Trisomy 7?
Trisomy 7 is a chromosomal condition that occurs when an individual has an extra copy of the seventh chromosome. Chromosomes are structures in the cells of the body that contain genetic material and are responsible for the inherited traits that we have. Normally, humans have 46 chromosomes, arranged in 23 pairs, but in individuals with trisomy 7, there is an extra copy of one of the chromosomes in each cell.
Trisomy 7 is a rare condition that occurs in about 1 in every 50,000 live births. It can affect both males and females and is not associated with any particular race or ethnicity.
Symptoms of trisomy 7 can vary widely and can range from mild to severe. Some common symptoms may include intellectual disability, developmental delays, physical abnormalities, and seizures. The severity of the condition can vary greatly from person to person and may be influenced by other genetic and environmental factors.
Trisomy 7 is usually diagnosed through genetic testing, such as chromosomal analysis or karyotyping. There is no cure for trisomy 7, and treatment is focused on managing the symptoms of the condition and supporting the individual’s overall health and development.
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Can You Live With Trisomy 7?
Trisomy 7 is extremely rare at birth and is generally considered lethal in embryogenesis. All surviving children are mosaics with variable and nonspecific clinical features. Chromosomal mosaicism may be suggested by body asymmetry and/or Blaschkolinear skin pigmentary dysplasia associated with developmental delay.
What Does Chromosome 7 Do?
Studies suggest that some genes on chromosome 7 may play critical roles in controlling the growth and division of cells. Without these genes, cells could grow and divide too quickly or in an uncontrolled way, resulting in a cancerous tumor.
How Is Trisomy 7 Diagnosed?
Confirmation test by amniocentesis
It should be noted that the trisomy 7 mosaicism detected by NIPT is relatively common and rarely confirmed at amniocentesis. The confirmation test was a karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid cells for all 25 informed consent pregnancies.
How Can You Prevent Trisomy 7?
You can’t prevent this abnormality from happening during cell division. Since there is no way to prevent genetic abnormalities like trisomy conditions, if you plan on becoming pregnant, talk with your healthcare provider about genetic testing to assess your risk of having a child with a genetic condition.
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How Does Trisomy 7 Affect A Person?
Intellectual disability, facial dysmorphism (e.g. frontal bossing, abnormal palpebral fissures, strabismus, abnormally shaped ears, and micrognathia), and genital anomalies (e.g. undescended testes) have also been observed.
What Is The Life Expectancy Of Trisomy 7?
Prognosis. Patients with trisomy 7 seem to have very poor prognosis with the survival time of five months and three months in AML cases. In the MDS cases one patient died three months after diagnosis.
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