What Is Cripps Mission?

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What Is Cripps Mission?

In the annals of India’s fight for freedom, the Cripps Mission remains a significant chapter, marking a crucial turning point in the nation’s history. It was a diplomatic initiative that carried the aspirations of a nation striving to break free from colonial shackles and chart its own destiny.

Setting The Stage

In the early 1940s, India was in the throes of an intensified freedom movement. The Indian National Congress, led by prominent figures like Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, had been relentless in its pursuit of complete independence from British rule. Against this backdrop, the British government, under Prime Minister Winston Churchill, aimed to gain Indian support for its efforts in World War II.

The Arrival Of The Cripps Mission

In March 1942, Sir Stafford Cripps, a senior British politician, arrived in India as a representative of the British government, bearing the proposals that would later be known as the Cripps Mission. The mission aimed to secure India’s cooperation in the war in exchange for certain political concessions, offering Indians the chance to draft their own constitution and form a constituent assembly after the war.

The Proposals

The Cripps Mission proposed the following key points:

  • Dominion Status: It offered India the promise of dominion status, similar to that of Canada or Australia, post-war. This status would grant India substantial autonomy in internal governance.
  • Constitutional Reforms: India was to form a constituent assembly to draft its constitution. However, crucial issues such as the right to secede from the proposed union and the treatment of princely states remained ambiguous.
  • Defense and War Efforts: India’s support in the war was sought in exchange for these proposed political concessions.

The Reaction And Rejection

The Indian leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, had several apprehensions about the proposals put forth by the Cripps Mission. The ambiguity regarding the promise of complete independence, coupled with the lack of clarity on the rights of provinces and the issue of princely states, led to its outright rejection by the Congress.

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Legacy And Significance

Though the Cripps Mission failed to achieve its intended goals, it marked a crucial moment in India’s fight for freedom. The rejection of the proposals strengthened the resolve of Indian nationalists, emphasizing their commitment to complete independence rather than accepting a dominion status within the British Commonwealth.

The mission served as a catalyst, intensifying the demand for complete sovereignty and laid the groundwork for subsequent negotiations that eventually led to India’s independence in 1947.


The Cripps Mission might have fallen short of its objectives, but its significance lies in the awakening it sparked among Indians. It solidified their determination for complete liberation from colonial rule, setting the stage for a relentless pursuit that culminated in India’s hard-fought independence.

As we reflect on this historic event, it stands as a testament to the unwavering spirit and resilience of a nation in its quest for self-determination and sovereignty.


What Do You Mean By Cripps Mission?

The Cripps Mission was sent by the British government to India in March 1942 to obtain Indian cooperation for the British war efforts in the 2nd World War. It was headed by Sir Richard Stafford Cripps, a labour minister in Winston Churchill’s coalition government in Britain.

What Was The Aim Of The Cripps Mission Upsc?

The purpose of Cripps mission was to secure Indian cooperation and seek support for the British War (2nd world war). It was said that the establishment of the Indian Union and the status of domination would occur.

What Did Gandhiji Called Cripps Mission?

Gandhi described Cripps’ offer of dominion status as, “a post-dated cheque drawn on a crashing bank”. The Cripps Mission was a failure as it failed to give confidence to the Congress about Britain’s intentions (which were not sincere in any case). Neither did the Indian leadership offer support to Britain’s war effort.

What Was The Promise Of The Cripps Mission?

Sir Stafford Cripps came to India during World War II to discuss with the nationalist leaders of the India about the self governance in India through dominion status. It was the promise by the British rule that election will be held after the war. Was this answer helpful?

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